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常用小学英语不规则动词总结

作者:学考乐  日期:2020-07-17  点击量:49

英语学习中,总会碰到很多不规则的动词,但对于不规则动词的掌握,没有捷径可言,需要孩子的死记硬背。下面与大家分享一份英语不规则动词表,给孩子们学习提供参考。

1.A---A---A型(现在式、过去式和过去分词同形)

  read read read 

  put put put 放下

  cost cost cost 花费

  cut cut cut 割,切

  hit hit hit 

  let let let 

  hurt hurt hurt 

2. A---B---A型(现在式和过去分词同形)

  become became become 

  come came come 

3. A---A---B型(现在式和过去式同形)

  beat beat beaten 

  run ran run    

4. A ---B ---B型

  (1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母dt构成过去式或过去分词。

  hear heard heard 听见

  burn burnt burnt 燃烧

  learn learnt learnt 学习

  mean meant meant 意思

(2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。

  build built built 建筑

  lend lent lent 借给

  send sent sent 

  lose lost lost 失去

  spend spent spent 花费

(3)其他

  pay paid paid

  付 lay laid laid 下蛋

  say said said 

  bring brought brought 带来

  buy bought bought 

  think thought thought 

  sleep slept slept 

  keep kept kept 保持

  sweep swept swept 

  stand stood stood 

  understand understood understood 明白

  win won won 得胜

  shine shone shone 发光

  catch caught caught 抓住

  teach taught taught 

  feel felt felt 觉得

  fight fought fought 战斗

  find found found 发现

  get got gotten 得到

  hang hung hung

  hang hanged hanged 绞死

  have had had 

  hold held held 盛,握

  leave left left 离开

  make made made 制造

  meet met met 遇见

  sell sold sold 

  shoot shot shot 射击

  tell told told 告诉

  smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled 嗅,闻

  sit sat sat 

  dig dug dug 

5. A---B---C型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同)

  (1)在动词原形后加-n-en构成过去分词。

  eat ate eaten 

  fall fell fallen 落下

  steal stole stolen 

  give gave given 

  freeze froze frozen 冻结

  take took taken 

  see saw seen 看见

  write wrote written 

  ride rode ridden 

  drive drove driven 驾驶

  throw threw thrown 抛,扔

  blow blew blown 

  grow grew grown 生长

  know knew known 知道

  fly flew flown 

  draw drew drawn 拉,绘画

  show showed shown 展示

(2)过去式加-n-en构成过去分词。

  speak spoke spoken 说话

  break broke broken 破碎,折断

  wake waked/ waked

  woke / waken 

  choose chose chosen

  选择 forget forgot forgotten 忘记

(3)变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a(过去式)和“u(过去分词)

  begin began begun 开始

  ring rang rung 按铃

  sing sang sung 

  sink sank sunk 

  swim swam swum 游泳

  drink drank drunk 

(4)其他不规则动词的变化。

  be(am, is) was/ were been 

  be(are) were been 

  do did done 

  go went gone 

  lie lay lain 

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